The minimum legal drinking age of 21 years is effec- tive public policy for reducing underage drinking and preventing the negative consequences that can result from underage drinking reducing legal drinking age will lead to an increase in drinking and related harms. Estimating how a lower minimum legal drinking age would affect alcohol consumption is difficult in addition to all of the challenges confronting researchers trying to estimate the effect of the drinking age on adverse event rates, there is an additional problem of data quality while most adverse events are well-measured, alcohol consumption. These sources listed show from a medical perspective why maintaining the legal drinking age at 21 has its benefits the age being set at 21 doesn’t mean that a person is mature enough to consume alcohol and make rational decisions. Addressing the minimum legal drinking age (mlda) in college communities some have argued that lowering the drinking age will reduce the allure of alcohol as a forbidden fruit for minors minimum legal purchase age and traffic safety: facts and practices albany, ny: new york state office of alcoholism and substance abuse services.
Researchers recently conducted economic analyses to estimate the effects of the minimum legal drinking age (mlda) on deaths, injuries, crime, and alcohol consumption, and to identify the costs and benefits of lowering the drinking age to 18. This is the main reason the legal drinking age has not been lower below 21 years of agea large number of the general population desires a lower drinking age in the 25 years since the legal drinking age was set at 21, seven states have tried to lower it. But proponents of lowering the drinking age can point to comparative data to argue that the evidence is not nearly so clearcut many countries with a drinking age of 18 have fewer drunk driving. Drinking age should remain 21 today in the united states, the current drinking age is 21 president ronald reagan, in 1984, proposed the idea to knock off ten percent of each state’s funds for the highways that did not commit to changing their legal drinking age to 21 he had three main reasons for doing this.
Raising the minimum legal drinking age back to 21, as it was up to the early 1970s in australia, should be given serious consideration as research from the usa is showing that it is very effective in reducing injuries and death from road trauma and also reducing other alcohol related harms such as suicide and youth crime. The purpose of this paper is to examine both sides of the debate revolving around the issue of reducing the minimum legal drinking age law from age 21 to 18 years of age. One national study of laws raising the drinking age to 21 indicated that persons who grew up in states with a drinking age of 21, relative to those who grew up in states with lower legal drinking ages, drank less not only when they were [less than] 21 years of age but also when they were 21 to 25 years of age. After prohibition, nearly all states adopted a minimum legal drinking age (mlda) of 21 between 1970 and 1975, however, 29 states lowered the mlda to 18, 19, or 20, largely in response to the change in the voting age. The community preventive services task force (cpstf) recommends maintaining current minimum legal drinking age laws to reduce alcohol-related crashes and associated injuries among 18- to 20-year-old drivers.
The vietnam era brought about a national change in the age of majority to 18 years and many states followed by reducing the legal drinking age by 1982, only 14 states retained a mlda of 21 the mlda in the other 36 states was 18, 19, or 20. Before 1984, the minimum legal drinking age varied from state to state many states lowered their drinking ages to 18, 19 or 20 during the vietnam war era, and subsequently reversed them after. By 1975, many states had lowered the minimum legal drinking age from 21 (shown in yellow) to 18 (brown) or 19 (orange.
The uniform drinking act, which compelled states to set the legal drinking age at 21 by withholding ten percent of highway funding from states that kept the minimum legal drinking age at 18, is an example of federal government overreach into state affairs. In 2007 a poll was taken about whether america should lower the minimum legal drinking age to 18 years old and 77% of the people who took the poll decided against lowering the drinking age. Drinking: 18 vs 21 alcohol on campus: debating lowering the drinking age the legal drinking age in the united states had a bumpy ride after prohibition ended in 1933, you had to be 21 to sidle up to a bar during the height of the vietnam war, 18 was your ticket to a six-pack but by the late ’70s, the minimum drinking age was all. The enactment of the national minimum drinking age act of 1984 prompted states to raise their legal age for purchase or public possession of alcohol to 21 or risk losing millions in federal highway funds.
In countries that have a lower drinking age, they report more binge drinking in the under 13 age group, but more responsible behaviors in the critical 18 to 20 age group in the united states, the reverse is true: there are less young child issues with alcohol, but more issues in the 18 to 20 group. Results: the identified environmental strategies fall into four categories: (1) increasing compliance with minimum legal drinking age laws, (2) reducing consumption and risky alcohol use, (3) decreasing specific types of alcohol-related problems and (4) deemphasizing the role of alcohol on campus and promoting academics and citizenship. A central argument of the initiative is that the us minimum legal drinking age policy results in more dangerous drinking than would occur if the legal drinking age were lower a companion organization called choose responsibility explicitly proposes a series of changes that will allow 18-20 year-olds to purchase, possess and consume.